Treatments can repair existing damage. Diabetes Care. 2014;37suppl:S14. Regular eye exams are critical for monitoring progression of the disease. Concerned or curious about your health? DBE is a consequence of diabetic retinopathy that causes swelling in the area of the retina called the macula. Check with your health care provider before starting an exercise program. Sickle cell anaemia also affects the blood vessels in the eyes. These growing blood vessels are very delicate and bleed easily. People with diabetes type 1 and type 2 ares 25 times more likely to experience vision loss than people without diabetes. This therapy helps reduce the amount of fluid leaking into your retina, resulting in visual improvement.
Therefore, oxygen levels are closely monitored and adjusted. Accompanying scar tissue can contract and cause retinal detachment—the pulling away of the retina from underlying tissue, like wallpaper peeling away from a wall. However, in early stages of retinopathy, there may be no noticeable symptoms. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to retinal damage.